Analysis and measurement of residual stress distribution of vanadium/ceramics joints for fusion reactor applications

Yoshiyuki Nemoto, Kazukiyo Ueda, Manabu Satou, Akira Hasegawa, Katsunori Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vanadium alloys are considered as candidate structural materials for fusion reactor system. When vanadium alloys are used in fusion reactor system, joining with ceramics for insulating is one of material issues to be solved to make component of fusion reactor. In the application of ceramics/metal jointing and coating, residual stress caused by difference of thermal expansion rate between ceramics and metals is an important factor in obtaining good bonding strength and soundness of coating. In this work, residual stress distribution in direct diffusion bonded vanadium/ alumina joint (jointing temperature: 1400°C) was measured by small area X-ray diffraction method. And the comparison of Finite Element Method (FEM) analysis and actual stress distribution was carried out. Tensile stress concentration at the edge of the boundary of the joint in alumina was observed. The residual stress concentration may cause cracks in alumina, or failure of bonding. Actually, cracks in alumina caused by thermal stress after bonding at 1500°C was observed. The stress concentration of the joint must be reduced to obtain good bonded joint. Lower bonding temperature or to devise the shape of the outer surface of the joint will reduce the stress concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1517-1522
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume258-263
Issue numberPART 2 B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Oct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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