### Abstract

Let G be an undirected graph with V vertices and E edges. Many algorithms have been developed for enumerating all spanning trees in G. Most of the early algorithms use a technique called "backtracking." Recently, several algorithms using a different technique have been proposed by Kapoor and Ramesh (1992), Matsui (1993), and Shioura and Tamura (1993). They find a new spanning tree by exchanging one edge of a current one. This technique has the merit of enabling us to compress the whole output of all spanning trees by outputting only relative changes of edges. Kapoor and Ramesh first proposed an O(N + V + E)-time algorithm by adopting such a "compact" output where N is the number of spanning trees. Another algorithm with the same time complexity was constructed by Shioura and Tamura. These are optimal in the sense of time complexity but not in terms of space complexity because they take O(VE) space. We refine Shioura and Tamura's algorithm and decrease the space complexity from O(VE) to O(V+E) while preserving the time complexity. Therefore, our algorithm is optimal in the sense of both time and space complexities.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 678-692 |

Number of pages | 15 |

Journal | SIAM Journal on Computing |

Volume | 26 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1997 Jun |

### Keywords

- Optimal algorithm
- Spanning trees
- Undirected graphs

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Computer Science(all)
- Mathematics(all)

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## Cite this

*SIAM Journal on Computing*,

*26*(3), 678-692. https://doi.org/10.1137/S0097539794270881