An optical group catalog to z = 1 from the zcosmos 10 k sample

C. Knobel, S. J. Lilly, A. Iovino, C. Porciani, K. Kova, O. Cucciati, A. Finoguenov, M. G. Kitzbichler, C. M. Carollo, T. Contini, J. P. Kneib, O. Le Fèvre, V. Mainieri, A. Renzini, M. Scodeggio, G. Zamorani, S. Bardelli, M. Bolzonella, A. Bongiorno, K. CaputiG. Coppa, S. De La Torre, L. De Ravel, P. Franzetti, B. Garilli, P. Kampczyk, F. Lamareille, J. F. Le Borgne, V. Le Brun, C. Maier, M. Mignoli, R. Pello, Y. Peng, E. Perez Montero, E. Ricciardelli, J. D. Silverman, M. Tanaka, L. Tasca, L. Tresse, D. Vergani, E. Zucca, U. Abbas, D. Bottini, A. Cappi, P. Cassata, A. Cimatti, M. Fumana, L. Guzzo, A. M. Koekemoer, A. Leauthaud, D. MacCagni, C. Marinoni, H. J. McCracken, P. Memeo, B. Meneux, P. Oesch, L. Pozzetti, R. Scaramella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)


We present a galaxy group catalog spanning the redshift range 0.1 ≲ z ≲ 1 in the 1.7 deg2 COSMOS field, based on the first 10,000 zCOSMOS spectra. The performance of both the Friends-of-Friends (FOF) and Voronoi-Delaunay method (VDM) approaches to group identification has been extensively explored and compared using realistic mock catalogs. We find that the performance improves substantially if groups are found by progressively optimizing the group-finding parameters for successively smaller groups, and that the highest fidelity catalog, in terms of completeness and purity, is obtained by combining the independently created FOF and VDM catalogs. The final completeness and purity of this catalog, both in terms of the groups and of individual members, compares favorably with recent results in the literature. The current group catalog contains 102 groups with N ≥ 5 spectroscopically confirmed members, with a further 700 groups with 2 ≤ N ≤ 4. Most of the groups can be assigned a velocity dispersion and a dark-matter mass derived from the mock catalogs, with quantifiable uncertainties. The fraction of zCOSMOS galaxies in groups is about 25% at low redshift and decreases toward 15% at z 0.8. The zCOSMOS group catalog is broadly consistent with that expected from the semianalytic evolution model underlying the mock catalogs. Not least, we show that the number density of groups with a given intrinsic richness increases from redshift z 0.8 to the present, consistent with the hierarchical growth of structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1842-1860
Number of pages19
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Catalogs
  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • Galaxies: high-redshift
  • Methods: data analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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