An online-monitored thermophilic hydrogen production UASB reactor for long-term stable operation

Fang Dong, Wen Wei Li, Guo Ping Sheng, Yong Tang, Han Qing Yu, Hideki Harada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the H2 production and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal performances of a thermophilic upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor with online monitoring system were investigated. The online monitoring system enabled a rapid monitoring and timely control of the process. As a consequence, high operating stability was achieved despite of the varied hydraulic retention time (HRT) during 310-day operation. The COD efficiency remained at above 98%, and the hydrogen yield fluctuated slightly within the range of 2.42-3.06 mol H2 mol-1 sucrose. Thermophilic H2-producing granules were successfully cultivated in this reactor, which showed better physical and microbial properties than floc sludge and higher H2 production rate than mesophilic granules. An analysis of the microbial growth kinetics further demonstrated a possibly higher synthesis and metabolism activity of microbes in the thermophilic granule state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13559-13565
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct


  • Granule
  • H production
  • Hydraulic retention time (HRT)
  • Online monitoring
  • Thermophilic
  • Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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