Tensile properties, hardness, and Charpy impact toughness of Ti-6Al-4V extralow interstitial (ELI) with equiaxed α and Widmanstätten α structures at various stages of fatigue were investigated. Fatigue crack initiation characteristics of the same alloy were also investigated in this study. In the equiaxed α structure, fatigue cracks initiated mainly at the interface between primary-α grains, while in the Widmanstätten α structure, they initiated across α plates at an angle of around 45 deg to the stress axis. Specimens with the Widmanstätten α structure fractured before adequate fatigue hardening was achieved because a multitude of microcracks readily formed. Specimens with the equiaxed α structure fractured after adequate fatigue hardening developed. Tensile strength, 0.2 pct proof stress, and hardness increased clearly with increasing stress cycles and fatigue steps, particulary in the low-cycle fatigue (LCF) region, while impact toughness and elongation showed a reverse trend. It is suggested, therefore, that the dislocation density multiplies more rapidly near the specimen surface during the early stages of fatigue, while during the later stages of fatigue, dislocation density increases near the center of the specimen. Also, the dislocation multiplication will continue until saturation of the entire specimen has occurred.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys