Information about substrate and product selectivity is critical for understanding the function of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases. In addition, comprehensive understanding of changes in substrate selectivity of P450 upon amino acid mutation would enable the design and creation of engineered P450s with desired selectivities. Therefore, systematic methods for obtaining such information are required. Herein, we developed an integrated P450 substrate screening system for the selection of “exemplary” substrates for a P450 of interest. The established screening system accurately selected the known exemplary substrates and also identified previously unknown exemplary substrates for microbial-derived P450s from a library containing sp3-rich synthetic small molecules. Synthetically potent transformations were also found by analyzing the reactions and oxidation products. The screening system was applied to analyze the substrate selectivity of the P450 BM3 mutants F87A and F87A/A330W, which acquired an ability to hydroxylate non-natural substrate steroids regio- and stereoselectively by two amino acid mutations. The distinct transition of exemplary substrates due to each single amino acid mutation was revealed, demonstrating the utility of the established system.
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