An integrated genome-wide approach to discover deregulated microRNAs in non-small cell lung cancer: Clinical significance of MIR-23b-3p deregulation

Shahnaz Begum, Masamichi Hayashi, Takenori Ogawa, Fayez J. Jabboure, Mariana Brait, Evgeny Izumchenko, Sarit Tabak, Steven A. Ahrendt, William H. Westra, Wayne Koch, David Sidransky, Mohammad O. Hoque

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In spite of significant technical advances, genesis and progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain poorly understood. We undertook an integrated genetic approach to discover novel microRNAs that were deregulated in NSCLCs. A total 119 primary NSCLCs with matched normal were analyzed for genome-wide copy number changes. We also tested a subset of matched samples by microRNA expression array, and integrated them to identify microRNAs positioned in allelic imbalance area. Our findings support that most of the identified deregulated microRNAs (miR-21, miR-23b, miR-31, miR-126, miR-150, and miR-205) were positioned in allelic imbalance areas. Among microRNAs tested in independent 114 NSCLCs, overexpression of miR-23b was revealed to be a significantly poor prognostic factor of recurrence free survival (HR=2.40, P=0.005, 95%CI: 1.32-4.29) and overall survival (HR=2.35, P=0.005, 95%CI: 1.30-4.19) in multivariable analysis. In addition, overexpression of miR-23b in H1838 cell line significantly increased cell proliferation, while inhibition of miR-23b in H1437 and H1944 cell lines significantly decreased cell doubling time. In summary, integration of genomic analysis and microRNA expression profiling could identify novel cancer-related microRNAs, and miR-23b could be a potential prognostic marker for early stage NSCLCs. Further biological studies of miR-23b are warranted for the potential development of targeted therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13236
JournalScientific reports
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 28
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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