An Innovative Two-Layer Multiple-DOF Seat Suspension for Vehicle Whole Body Vibration Control

Donghong Ning, Haiping Du, Shuaishuai Sun, Weihua Li, Bangji Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes an innovative two-layer multiple-degree-of-freedom (multiple-DOF) seat suspension for reducing the whole body vibration (WBV) of heavy-duty vehicle drivers. This seat suspension is composed of a bottom-layer suspension for vertical vibration control and a top-layer suspension with two independently controlled rotational DOFs. The proposed seat suspension can control the vibration of the driver's body in five DOFs except the yaw vibration, which has least effect on humans, with only three actuators; though the five DOFs cannot be fully reduced by the three actuators, all of their magnitudes can be decreased. Another advantage of a two-layer structure is that the vertical vibration reduction can be decoupled from controlling the lateral trunk bending and forward flexion of the driver's body, because the fact that the most sensitive frequency contents of the vertical vibration to human are much higher than the frequency content of other four DOFs vibrations. The top-layer suspension is tested then its rotational stiffness and friction are identified. A decoupled model is derived and used in order to design a controller for the top-layer suspension. Experiments are implemented where the random roll and pitch vibration with random vertical vibration are exerted on the seat suspension base, respectively. The results indicate that the interaction of the top-layer and the bottom-layer is small; with the proposed multiple-DOF seat suspension, the WBV in five DOFs can be reduced simultaneously.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8360047
Pages (from-to)1787-1799
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • Heavy-duty vehicles
  • multiple-degree-of-freedom (multiple-DOF) seat suspension
  • vibration control
  • whole body vibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'An Innovative Two-Layer Multiple-DOF Seat Suspension for Vehicle Whole Body Vibration Control'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this