An improved selective extraction method for Mn oxides and occluded metals with emphasis on applicability to Andisols

Aomi Suda, Tomoyuki Makino, Teruo Higashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been showed that Chao's method [extraction with 0.1 mol L-1 hydroxylamine hydrochloride (NH2OH-HCl) at pH 2.0 for 30 min], which is commonly used to extract manganese (Mn) oxides and occluded heavy metals from soil samples, is not suitable for Andisols because of low solubility, and thus low extractability, of Mn oxides in such soils. Therefore, a new method is evaluated here, for extracting Mn oxides and occluded heavy metals from Andisols, Entisols and Inceptisols. The method has three steps: (1) reduction of Mn oxides with 0.01 mol L-1 NH2OH-HCl (pH 5.0) for 16 h, (2) recovery of re-adsorbed metals by short-time extraction with 0.5 mol L-1 ammonium chloride in 0.02 mol L-1 hydrochloric acid, and (3) washing with ultrapure water. This method achieves a higher rate of extraction of Mn oxides than does Chao's method, especially from Andisol samples. Standard addition experiments showed that both the new method and Chao's method can successfully extract released cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), nickel (Ni) and zinc (Zn) from Mn oxides with little re-adsorption. The selectivity of Mn oxide extraction by the new method, indicated by the rate of extraction of iron (Fe) oxides and the aluminum (Al)/Mn and silicon (Si)/Mn extraction ratios, is comparable to that of Chao's method. Thus, the new method should be useful for extracting Mn oxides and occluded Cd, Co, Ni, and Zn from soil samples. Moreover, because the new method achieved nearly complete extraction of NH2OH-HCl reactive Mn oxides even from Andisol samples, the method is more applicable to Andisol samples than Chao's method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)840-851
Number of pages12
JournalSoil Science and Plant Nutrition
Volume59
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec 20
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Andisols
  • heavy metals
  • iron oxide
  • manganese oxide
  • selective dissolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

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