An improved functional analysis of linker-mediated complex (iFALC) strategy

Yu Nakabayashi, Masahiko Harata, Masayuki Seki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The functional analysis of linker-mediated complex (FALC) strategy that facilitates functional analysis of a common subunit of multi-subunit protein complexes in cells constitutes three steps; (1) a common subunit is fused to a specific subunit via recombinant DNA, (2) mutation is introduced into a portion of the common subunit of the fused protein, and (3) the mutational effect on the fused protein is evaluated by transformation and analysis of multiple appropriate gene knockout yeast strains. Conceptually, the FALC strategy is applicable to any common subunit of multi-subunit protein complexes in any cell type. However, the proximity of two subunits to fuse, preparation of multiple gene knockout cells, and utilization of yeast cells can together prevent the practical and broad usage of the FALC strategy for analyzing all multi-subunit complexes in all cell types. In this study, we analyzed histone H2B as a common subunit of histone H2A/H2B and histone variant H2A.Z/H2B dimers. The FALC strategy was improved in three ways; (i) a long linker (up to 300 amino acids) was used to fuse H2B with H2A.Z in yeast cells, (ii) the effects of the fused H2B–H2A.Z harboring mutation in the H2B portion was evaluated in H2A.Z knockout yeast strains and it was not essential to knockout two copies of H2B genes, and (iii) this occurred even in vertebrate cells possessing a dozen H2B genes. This improved FALC (iFALC) strategy reveals that vertebrate H2B-D68, corresponding to yeast H2B-D71, is critical for chromatin binding of the H2A.Z/H2B dimer, and this is evolutionarily conserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1164-1169
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 11
Externally publishedYes


  • Common subunit
  • FALC
  • Histone H2B
  • Histone variant H2A.Z
  • Specific subunit
  • iFALC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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