Experimental observation of net erosion of molybdenum being significantly reduced compared to gross erosion in the divertor of DIII-D is reported for well-controlled plasma conditions. For the first time, gross erosion rates were measured by both spectroscopic and non-spectroscopic methods. In one experiment a net erosion rate of 0.73 ± 0.03 nm/s was measured using ion beam analysis (IBA) of a 1 cm diameter Mo-coated sample. For a 1 mm diameter Mo sample exposed at the same time the net erosion rate was higher at 1.31 nm/s. For the small sample redeposition is expected to be negligible in comparison with the larger sample yielding a net to gross erosion estimate of 0.56 ± 12%. The gross rate was also measured spectroscopically (386 nm MoI line) giving 2.45 nm/s ± factor 2. The experiment was modeled with the REDEP/WBC erosion/redeposition code package coupled to the ITMC-DYN mixed-material code, with plasma conditions supplied by the OEDGE code using Langmuir probe data input. The code-calculated net/gross ratio is =0.46, in good agreement with experiment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Materials Science(all)
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering