An experiential approach to developing radiological content for public health nursing: Lessons from a nuclear disaster

Chie Kawasaki, Chiaki Kitamiya, Koji Yoshida, Junko Omori, Sarah Porter, Kiyomi Asahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: This study identified the radiological content required for PHNs and public health nursing students based on PHNs’ experiences caring for people affected by the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. Design: We used qualitative research, interviews, and content analysis. Sample: Participants were eight PHNs employed by local governments in Fukushima and neighboring prefectures. Results: Six content themes regarding the nuclear disaster were identified: (a) basic knowledge about radiation, (b) public health nursing activities in emergency exposure situations, (c) management in emergency exposure situations, (d) consultation to support residents affected by the nuclear disaster, (e) activities in the existing exposure situations, and (f) disaster preparedness in the planned exposure situations. Necessary content shifted depending on the phase of the nuclear disaster recovery. Conclusions: The use of the experiences of PHNs after the nuclear power plant accident to inform PHNs and public health nursing students will enable PHNs to respond appropriately and support people without difficulties. Comprehensive radiation content is needed to address the range of situations caused by nuclear disaster.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-302
Number of pages8
JournalPublic Health Nursing
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1

Keywords

  • nuclear disaster
  • nursing education
  • public health nursing education
  • qualitative research
  • radiological content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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