An Evaluation of Serodiagnostic Tests in Patients with Candidemia: Beta-Glucan, Mannan, Candida Antigen by Cand-Tec and D-Arabinitol

Kotaro Mitsutake, Shigefumi Maesaki, Mitsuo Kaku, Hironobu Koga, Akira Yasuoka, Takashige Mivazaki, Kohei Hara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The serodiagnostic tests, beta-glucan, mannan, Candida antigen by Cand-Tec, and D-arabinitol were evaluated in 10 patients with candidemia, 14 patients with suspected fungemia, and 10 healthy persons. By blood culture or lysis centrifugation, C. albicans was isolated from 5 patients, C. parapsilosis from 4, and C. tropicalis from 1 patient; no organisms were isolated from the 14 patients with suspected fungemia or the 10 healthy subjects. Beta-glucan was measured by the difference between two chromogenic limulus tests (Endotoxin test-D® and Endospecy®), which was more than 60 pg/ml in 7 of 9 (78%) candidemic patients and 1 of 12 (8%) patients with suspected fungemia. Mannan was positive in 6 of 10 (60%) candidemic patients and 1 of 13 (8%) patients with suspected fungemia. Both antigens were very sensitive and highly specific for candidemia. However, the Cand-Tec assay was less specific, because titers of more than 4 were observed in 5 of 14 (34%) patients with suspected fungemia. D-Arabinitol was the least sensitive, because a D-arabinitol/creatinine ratio greater than 2.0 pmolimg was observed in only 2 of 7 (29%) candidemic patients. The titers of serodiagnostic tests decreased after successful treatment with an anti-fungal agent. Our results show that the combined use of the assays in necessary for accurate serological diagnosis of candidemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-212
Number of pages6
JournalMICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Keywords

  • Beta-glucan
  • Candida
  • D-Arabinitol
  • Mannan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Virology

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