An empirical equation including the strain effect for optical transition energy of strained and fully relaxed GaN films

S. W. Lee, Jun Seok Ha, Hyun Jae Lee, Hyo Jong Lee, H. Goto, T. Hanada, T. Goto, Katsushi Fujii, M. W. Cho, T. Yao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose a new equation considering strain effect for the temperature dependence of bandgap transition of GaN films grown on sapphire. By using the chemical lift-off method the GaN films were separated from the sapphire substrate and we evaluated the energy shift of the bandgap transition due to the strain caused by the sapphire substrate quantitatively. The transition energies of the free exciton A (FXA) in the GaN film at a finite temperature are described by the equation E(T) = E(0) - (αT2/(β + T)) + ΔE(0) + γ(TECfilm - TECsub)T, where α and β are the temperature coefficients, γ is the strain coefficient, and TECfilm and TECsub are thermal expansion coefficients of the film and the substrate, respectively. This equation is divided into an ordinary temperature component and an additional strain component of the hetero-epitaxial film. The temperature dependence of exciton transition energy of the strained GaN film should be expressed by the above equation with E(0) = 3.4774 eV, α = 0.93 meV K-1, β = 1280 K, ΔE(0) = 10.87 meV and γ = 2.04 × 10-3 eV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number175101
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume43
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Apr 23

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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