An amendment to final-offer arbitration

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Final-offer arbitration (FOA) was proposed to settle a dispute between two disputants. Although FOA was proposed to induce two disputants to reach an agreements by themselves, FOA fails to achieve the fulfillment, when disputants have incomplete information about the arbitrator's notion of a fair settlement. This paper proposes a new arbitration procedure, which is a simple amendment to FOA that lets the arbitration settlement be determined by the loser's offer if the offers diverge. We show that the offers converge in a unique pure strategy Nash equilibrium without any additional condition. We also provide two methods to prevent an extreme arbitration result, in case the offers do not converge for some reasons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-19
Number of pages11
JournalMathematical social sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • Amended FOA (AFOA)
  • Arbitration
  • Dispute
  • Final-offer arbitration (FOA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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