Amyloid beta25-35 impairs docosahexaenoic acid efflux by down-regulating fatty acid transport protein 1 (FATP1/SLC27A1) protein expression in human brain capillary endothelial cells

Yusuke Ochiai, Yasuo Uchida, Masanori Tachikawa, Pierre Olivier Couraud, Tetsuya Terasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Decreased levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an endogenous neuroprotective compound, in the brain are associated with the development of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). We previously showed that DHA is a substrate of fatty acid transport protein 1 (FATP1/SLC27A1), and FATP1 is localized at the abluminal membrane of brain capillary endothelial cells. We hypothesized that amyloid β (Aβ) decreases FATP1-mediated cellular efflux (i.e. supply to the brain) of DHA at the blood–brain barrier (BBB). Here, we tested this hypothesis using a human cerebral microvascular endothelial cell line, human cerebral microvessel endothelial cells (hCMEC/D3), as a BBB model. The efflux of DHA-d5 by hCMEC/D3 cells increased time-dependently up to 3 min. Knock-down of FATP1 with specific siRNA indicated that FATP1-mediated efflux accounts for 47.0% of this DHA-d5 efflux. In hCMEC/D3 cells treated with Aβ25–35 (10 μM/24 h), which we employed as an in vitro model of the BBB in AD, FATP1 protein expression in the plasma membrane was decreased by 96.0%, which was greater than the decrease in the whole-cell lysate, and the DHA-d5 efflux was decreased by 68.3%. Of this 68.3% decrease, 45.1% (47.0 × 0.96) is accounted for by the decrease in FATP1-mediated efflux and the remaining 23.2% is presumably mediated by other mechanism(s). Thus, we have established for the first time that FATP1 is a major contributor to DHA efflux from human brain capillary endothelial cells, and its efflux activity at the abluminal membrane of the cells is blocked by Aβ. This may explain the decreased DHA level in the brain of AD patients. Open Science Badges: This article has received a badge for *Open Materials* because it provided all relevant information to reproduce the study in the manuscript. The complete Open Science Disclosure form for this article can be found at the end of the article. More information about the Open Practices badges can be found at https://cos.io/our-services/open-science-badges/. (Figure presented.).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-401
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume150
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • FATP1
  • amyloid beta
  • blood–brain barrier
  • docosahexaenoic acid
  • efflux

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Amyloid beta<sub>25-35</sub> impairs docosahexaenoic acid efflux by down-regulating fatty acid transport protein 1 (FATP1/SLC27A1) protein expression in human brain capillary endothelial cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this