Amino acid derivative-mediated detoxification and functionalization of dual cure dental restorative material for dental pulp cell mineralization

Hajime Minamikawa, Masahiro Yamada, Fuminori Iwasa, Takeshi Ueno, Yoshiaki Deyama, Kuniaki Suzuki, Yasutaka Yawaka, Takahiro Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Current dental restorative materials are only used to fill the defect of hard tissues, such as dentin and enamel, because of their cytotoxicity. Therefore, exposed dental pulp tissues in deep cavities must be first covered by a pulp capping material like calcium hydroxide to form a layer of mineralized tissue. However, this tissue mineralization is based on pathological reaction and triggers long-lasting inflammation, often causing clinical problems. This study tested the ability of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), amino acid derivative, to reduce cytotoxicity and induce mineralized tissue conductivity in resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI), a widely used dental restorative material having dual cure mechanism. Rat dental pulp cells were cultured on untreated or NAC-supplemented RMGI. NAC supplementation substantially increased the percentage of viable cells from 46.7 to 73.3% after 24-h incubation. Cell attachment, spreading, proliferative activity, and odontoblast-related gene and protein expressions increased significantly on NAC-supplemented RMGI. The mineralization capability of cells, which was nearly suppressed on untreated RMGI, was induced on NAC-supplemented RMGI. These improved behaviors and functions of dental pulp cells on NAC-supplemented RMGI were associated with a considerable reduction in the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species and with the increased level of intracellular glutathione reserves. These results demonstrated that NAC could detoxify and functionalize RMGIs via two different mechanisms involving in situ material detoxification and antioxidant cell protection. We believe that this study provides a new approach for developing dental restorative materials that enables mineralized tissue regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7213-7225
Number of pages13
JournalBiomaterials
Volume31
Issue number28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Dental pulp cells
  • Free radical
  • HEMA
  • N-acetyl cysteine (NAC)
  • Resin-modified glass ionomer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials

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