Ambipolar-transporting coaxial nanotubes with a tailored molecular graphene - Fullerene heterojunction

Yohei Yamamoto, Guanxin Zhang, Wusong Jin, Takanori Fukushima, Noriyuki Ishii, Akinori Saeki, Shu Seki, Seiichi Tagawa, Takeo Minari, Kazuhito Tsukagoshi, Takuzo Aida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

152 Citations (Scopus)


Despite a large steric bulk of C60, a molecular graphene with a covalently linked C60 pendant [hexabenzocoronene (HBC)-C 60; 1] self-assembles into a coaxial nanotube whose wall consists of a graphite-like π-stacked HBC array, whereas the nanotube surface is fully covered by a molecular layer of clustering C60. Because of this explicit coaxial configuration, the nanotube exhibits an ambipolar character in the field-effect transistor output [hole mobility (μh) = 9.7 × 10 -7 cm2 V-1 s-1; electron mobility (μe) = 1.1 × 10-5 cm2 V-1 s-1] and displays a photovoltaic response upon light illumination. Successful coassembly of 1 and an HBC derivative without C60 (2) allows for tailoring the p/n heterojunction in the nanotube, so that its ambipolar carrier transport property can be optimized for enhancing the open-circuit voltage in the photovoltaic output. As evaluated by an electrodeless method called flashphotolysis time-resolved microwave conductivity technique, the intratubular hole mobility (2.0 cm2 V-1 s-1) of a coassembled nanotube containing 10 mol % of HBC-C 60 (1) is as large as the intersheet mobility in graphite. The homotropic nanotube of 2 blended with a soluble C60 derivative [(6,6)-phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester] displayed a photovoltaic response with a much different composition dependency, where the largest open-circuit voltage attained was obviously lower than that realized by the coassembly of 1 and 2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21051-21056
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number50
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 15
Externally publishedYes


  • Ambipolar transport
  • Field-effect transistor
  • Nanotube
  • Photovoltaic
  • Self-assembly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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