Aluminum-doped ceria-zirconia solid solutions with enhanced thermal stability and high oxygen storage capacity

Qiang Dong, Shu Yin, Chongshen Guo, Tsugio Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A facile solvothermal method to synthesize aluminum-doped ceria-zirconia (Ce0.5Zr0.5-xAlxO2- x/2, x = 0.1 to 0.4) solid solutions was carried out using Ce(NH4)2(NO3)6, Zr(NO3)3·2H2O Al(NO3)3·9H2O, and NH4OH as the starting materials at 200°C for 24 h. The obtained solid solutions from the solvothermal reaction were calcined at 1,000°C for 20 h in air atmosphere to evaluate the thermal stability. The synthesized Ce0.5Zr0.3Al0.2O1.9 particle was characterized for the oxygen storage capacity (OSC) in automotive catalysis. For the characterization, Xray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and the Brunauer-Emmet-Teller (BET) technique were employed. The OSC values of all samples were measured at 600°C using thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis. Ce0.5Zr0.3Al0.2O1.9 solid solutions calcined at 1,000°C for 20 h with a BET surface area of 18 m2 g-1 exhibited a considerably high OSC of 427 μmol-O g-1 and good OSC performance stability. The same synthesis route was employed for the preparation of the CeO2 and Ce0.5Zr0.5O2. The incorporation of aluminum ion in the lattice of ceria-based catalyst greatly enhanced the thermal stability and OSC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number542
JournalNanoscale Research Letters
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Aluminum
  • Catalysis
  • Oxygen storage capacity
  • Solid solutions
  • Solvothermal
  • Thermal stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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