Alternative splicing mechanism in a cytochrome P-450 (P-450PB-1) gene generates the two mRNAs coding for proteins of different functions

H. Kimura, K. Sogawa, Y. Sakai, Y. Fujii-Kuriyama

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    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Two mRNAs for P-450PB-1 and P-450PB-1(ps) are about 2 kilobase pairs long and have identical sequences with each other except for one short region of high variability (Kimura, H., Yoshioka, H., Sogawa, K., Sakai, Y., and Fujii-Kuriyama, Y. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 701-707). To clarify the origin of the short replacement block between the two mRNAs, we isolated several genomic clones containing relevant gene sequences. Sequence analysis of these genomic clones revealed that the two short segments specific for the two mRNAs are tandemly arranged in a genomic sequence and form exonic sequences equipped with AG and GT sequences on their 5' and 3' ends, respectively, and the putative consensus sequences for the lariat formation. The two short sequences lie between the two exonic sequences coding for the common part of the two mRNAs. Taken together with the structure of the related P-450(M-1) gene (Morishima, N., Yoshioka, H., Higashi, Y., Sogawa, K., and Fujii-Kuriyama, Y. (1987) Biochemistry 26, 8279-8285), all these results clearly demonstrate that the two mRNAs are generated from a single gene by alternative splicing at the eighth exons. The synthesis of the two mRNAs is regulated temporally in livers of male and female rats and brains of the female animals. One of the two mRNAs codes for a monooxygenase of P-450PB-1, and the other (P-450PB-1(ps) mRNA) lacks the sequence coding for the heme-binding site conserved among all species of P-450 molecules, and, therefore, it cannot function as a monooxygenase. The immunoblot analysis using an antibody specific for the 15-mer peptide uniquely encoded by P-450PB-1(ps) mRNA shows that the P-450PB-1(ps) peptide is synthesized at least in rat livers of both sexes in temporally regulated manners and is bound to the microsomal membranes. The function of this peptide remains to be seen.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2338-2342
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Volume264
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1989 Jan 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology

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