Altering the substrate chain-length specificity of an α-glucosidase

Akio Noguchi, Toru Nakayama, Hisashi Hemmi, Tokuzo Nishino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dextran glucosidases show high sequence identity (50%) to Bacillus sp. SAM1606 α-glucosidase, which is more specific for short-chain substrates. Sequence comparison of these enzymes as well as molecular modeling studies predicted that the extension of loop 4 of the (β/α)8-barrel fold may be responsible for the narrower specificity of SAM1606 α-glucosidase with respect to substrate chain length. Indeed, deletion mutants of SAM1606 α-glucosidase that lack this extension showed higher relative activities toward dextran and long-chain isomaltooligosaccharides. Kinetic and thermodynamic analyses of oligosaccharide hydrolysis catalyzed by SAM1606 α-glucosidase and its deletion mutants suggested that the loss of such extension(s) in loop 4 should energetically destabilize the Michaelis complexes with long-chain substrates to result in smaller differences between the activation free energies for the enzymatic hydrolyses of isomaltoheptaose and isomaltose than those observed for the wild-type enzyme. This is the reason that dextran glucosidase, whose loop 4 is shorter in length, shows broader substrate chain-length specificity than does SAM1606 α-glucosidase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)684-690
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume304
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 May 16

Keywords

  • Chain length
  • Dextran glucosidase
  • Exodextranase
  • Glycosyl hydrolase family
  • Isomaltase
  • Isomaltooligosaccharides
  • Substrate specificity
  • α-Amylase family
  • α-Glucosidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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