Administration of an endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (1 mg/kg body weight), caused decreases in hepatic sulfations of xenobiotics in male rats through changes in the amounts of at least three forms of sulfotransferases, ST1A1, ST1B1 and ST1C1. The time-dependent decrease was first observed with ST1B1, followed by ST1A1 and ST1C1; and the decrease was more profound in the levels of mRNAs than those of proteins. The decreases in their mRNAs were, however, prevented by the pretreatment with dexamethasone. These results suggest that the endotoxin suppresses the hepatic sulfation through a cytokine-mediated mechanism to change individually hepatic levels of ST1A1, ST1B1 and ST1C1.
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