Alteration of a p53 gene status affects outcome of patients with recurrent ovarian cancer

Takashi Irie, Junzo Kigawa, Yukihisa Minagawa, Tetsuro Oishi, Masakuni Takahashi, Muneaki Shimada, Shunji Kamazawa, Shinya Sato, Naoki Terakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine whether and how the p53 gene is altered in patients with recurrent ovarian cancer and to determine the significance of p53 mutation in recurrent tumors. The primary and recurrent tumors were examined in 15 patients who had recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer, and whose primary tumor contained a wild-type p53 gene. The interval between cytoreductive surgery and the appearance of recurrence ranged from 5.2 to 63.6 months (mean 23.4 months). Mutations in the p53 gene were screened by polymerase chain reaction single strand conformation polymorphism analysis and determined by cycle sequencing. Mutation of the p53 gene in the recurrent tumor was found in 7 of the 15 patients (46.7%). Estimated 3- and 5-year survival rates were 57.1 and 0%, respectively, for patients with p53 gene mutation detected in the recurrence tumor, and 75.0% and 37.5% for patients without the mutation (p = 0.0155). The interval between cytoreductive surgery and the appearance of recurrence did not differ between those groups (549.7 ± 102.2 vs. 832.9 ± 283.8 days). Mean survival time after recurrence was significantly better in the patients without mutation (438.6 ± 56.4 vs. 873.0 ± 157.5 days, p = 0.0125). The present study suggests that p53 gene mutation frequently occurs in recurrent ovarian cancer and that alteration of p53 gene status affects salvage chemotherapy. This phenomenon affects the prognosis of recurrent disease and may predict outcome. Copyright (C) 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-241
Number of pages5
JournalOncology
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Apr
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ovarian cancer
  • Recurrence
  • Salvage chemotherapy
  • p53 gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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