Allele frequencies of 31 autosomal short tandem repeat (auSTR) loci obtained using the Precision ID GlobalFiler™ NGS STR Panel v2 in 322 individuals from the Japanese population

Tsukasa Ohuchi, Xueting Guan, Eriko Hirai, Masaki Hashiyada, Sho Manabe, Atsushi Akane, Noboru Adachi, Keiji Tamaki, Masato Funayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In human identification methods that target short tandem repeats (STRs), massively parallel sequencing (MPS) technology has made it possible to genotype at the level of the specific sequence itself. This allows for the detection of repeat unit variants and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) adjacent to the STRs. Using the GlobalFiler™ NGS STR Panel v2, Ion S5, and Converge software, this study constructed a Japanese database of 31 autosomal STRs (auSTRs) and two sex markers from 322 individuals. After excluding some sequence errors and stutters, a total of 31 novel alleles were identified. Additionally, using the allele frequencies of 31 auSTR loci, the match probabilities for the length-based and sequence-based data were calculated to be 1.433 × 10−34 and 9.163 × 10−38, respectively. These values are at least nine orders of magnitude higher than that obtained from 21 auSTR loci in the Japanese population using the conventional capillary electrophoresis method. The database generated in this study is expected to be implemented in forensic practice and used to solve difficult casework.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102151
JournalLegal Medicine
Volume59
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov

Keywords

  • Allele frequency
  • Massively parallel sequencing
  • Population data
  • Short tandem repeat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Issues, ethics and legal aspects

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