Alkyne activation with Brønsted acids, iodine, or gold complexes, and its fate leading to synthetic application

Yoshinori Yamamoto, Ilya D. Gridnev, Nitin T. Patil, Tienan Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

265 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reaction of 2-alkynyl-1-methylene azide aromatics 1 with iodine gives 1,3-disubstituted 4-iodoisoquinolines 3, and the treatment of 1 with a gold-silver combined catalyst affords isoquinolines 4. On the other hand, TfOH-catalyzed reaction of 1 produces 1,3-dipolar cycloadducts, triazoles 5. Computations reveal that "non-symmetrical" and "slightly non-symmetrical" coordinations between the triple bond and electrophiles (cationic Au and iodonium species) are prone to give the isoquinolines, while "symmetrical" coordination with electrophiles (a Brønsted acid and Au(i)) affords the triazoles. Keeping this background material in mind, the reactions through alkyne activation with electrophiles are surveyed. In most cases, products having similar structural frameworks were obtained through alkyne activation with Brønsted acids, iodine and gold complexes; the difference is whether H or I is incorporated in the final products. However, in a few cases, different reactivities and product structures were observed between those three reagents and catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5075-5087
Number of pages13
JournalChemical Communications
Issue number34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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