Alkali basalt from the Seifu Seamount in the Sea of Japan: Post-spreading magmatism in a back-arc setting

Tomoaki Morishita, Naoto Hirano, Hirochika Sumino, Hiroshi Sato, Tomoyuki Shibata, Masako Yoshikawa, Shoji Arai, Rie Nauchi, Akihiro Tamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present geochemical and <span classCombining double low line"inline-formula">40Arĝ'•39Ar</span> age data for a peridotite xenolith-bearing basalt dredged from the Seifu Seamount (SSM basalt) in the northeast Tsushima Basin, southwest Sea of Japan. An <span classCombining double low line"inline-formula">40Arĝ'•39Ar</span> plateau age of <span classCombining double low line"inline-formula">8.33±0.15</span>&thinsp;Ma (2<span classCombining double low line"inline-formula">σ</span>) was obtained for the SSM basalt, indicating that it erupted shortly after the termination of back-arc spreading in the Sea of Japan. The SSM basalt is a high-K to shoshonitic alkali basalt that is characterized by light rare earth element enrichment. The trace element features of the basalt are similar to those of ocean island basalt, although the Yb content is much higher, indicating formation by the low-degree partial melting of spinel peridotite. The Nd, Sr, and Pb isotopic compositions of the SSM basalt differ from those of back-arc basin basalts in the Sea of Japan. The Sr-Nd isotopic composition of the SSM basalt suggests its source was depleted mid-ocean ridge mantle containing an enriched mantle (EM1) component. The SSM basalt was formed in a post-back-arc extension setting by the low-degree partial melting of an upwelling asthenosphere that had previously been associated with the main phase of back-arc magmatism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-36
Number of pages14
JournalSolid Earth
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Geophysics
  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Stratigraphy
  • Palaeontology

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    Morishita, T., Hirano, N., Sumino, H., Sato, H., Shibata, T., Yoshikawa, M., Arai, S., Nauchi, R., & Tamura, A. (2020). Alkali basalt from the Seifu Seamount in the Sea of Japan: Post-spreading magmatism in a back-arc setting. Solid Earth, 11(1), 23-36. https://doi.org/10.5194/se-11-23-2020