Alizarin red S-confined layer-by-layer films as redox-active coatings on electrodes for the voltammetric determination of L-dopa

Shigehiro Takahashi, Iwao Suzuki, Tatsuro Sugawara, Masaru Seno, Daichi Minaki, Jun Ichi Anzai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The preparation of redox-active coatings is a key step in fabricating electrochemical biosensors. To this goal, a variety of coating materials have been used in combination with redox-active compounds. In this study, alizarin red S (ARS) was confined in layer-by-layer (LbL) films composed of poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) to study the redox properties. A gold (Au) disc electrode coated with PEI/CMC LbL film was immersed in an ARS solution to uptake ARS into the film. ARS was successfully confined in the LbL film through electrostatic interactions. The cyclic voltammogram (CV) of ARS-confined PEI/CMC film-coated electrodes thus prepared exhibited redox waves in the potential range from -0.5 to -0.7 V originating from 9,10-anthraquinone moiety in ARS, demonstrating that ARS preserves its redox activity in the LbL film. An additional oxidation peak appeared around -0.4 V in the CV recorded in the solution containing phenylboronic acid (PBA), due to the formation of a boronate ester of ARS (ARS-PBA) in the film. The oxidation peak current at -0.4 V decreased upon addition of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-dopa) to the solution. Thus, the results suggest a potential use of the ARS-confined PEI/CMC films for constructing voltammetric sensors for L-dopa.

Original languageEnglish
Article number581
JournalMaterials
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 25

Keywords

  • Alizarin red S
  • Electrode
  • L-dopa
  • Layer-by-layer film
  • Voltammetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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