Alcohol is a major cause of both acute and chronic pancreatitis. Activated pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) have recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of pancreatic inflammation and fibrosis. Herein, we examined the effect of ethanol and acetal-dehyde on the activation of transcription factors and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases in PSCs. PSCs were isolated from rat pancreas tissue and used in their culture-activated, myofibroblast-like phenotype. PSCs were treated with ethanol and acetaldehyde at clinically relevant concentrations (50 mM and 200 μM, respectively). Ethanol and acetaldehyde activated activator protein-1 but not nuclear factor-κB. In addition, they activated three classes of MAP kinases: extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, c-Jun N-terminal kinase/stress-activated protein kinase, and p38 MAP kinase. Ethanol- and acetalde-hyde-induced activation of activator protein-1 and MAP kinases was blocked by the antioxidant N-acetyl-cysteine, suggesting a role of oxidative stress in the signal transduction. Ethanol and acetaldehyde induced α1(I) procollagen gene expression but did not induce intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. The acetaldehyde-induced increase of α1(I) procollagen gene expression was inhibited by the p38 MAP kinase inhibitor 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-2- (4-methylsulfinylphenyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)imidazole (SB203580) but not by the MAP kinase inhibitor 2′-amino-3′-methoxyflavone (PD98059). Specific activation of these signal transduction pathways may play a role in the pathogenesis of alcohol-in- duced pancreatic injury.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine