Age‐related changes in tissue distribution characteristics of cefazolin, a cephalosporin antibiotic, were examined for noneliminating organs of rats. The in vivo tissue‐to‐plasma partition coefficients (Kp,vivo) varied markedly among different ages and organs. In particular, muscle and skin acted as reservoirs for cefazolin distribution. There were also marked differences in interstitial fluid space (IS), determined using [14C]inulin, among different ages and organs. For muscle and bone, the magnitude of the age‐related changes in Kp,vivo of cefazolin and IS was in the order of 1‐week‐old > 7‐week‐old = 100‐week‐old 50‐week‐old rats. This is well correlated with the age‐related changes in the volume of distribution at the steady state of cefazolin per body weight (Vdss/BW) and the extracellular fluid volume per body weight (VBCW/BW) determined previously using [14C]inulin. The predicted Kp value (Kp,pred) was estimated by incorporating the serum protein binding parameters of cefazolin, the IS values, and an interstitial‐to‐plasma albumin concentration ratio (AR) into equations derived from an extracellular fluid model. The Kp,pred values exhibited a fairly good correspondence with the Kp,vivo values determined for various organs, except gut, in rats of all four ages. These results suggest that the determinant of the age‐related change in Vdss/BW is the difference in the IS value of muscle and bone, while the age‐related change in serum protein binding plays only a modest role.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science