Age-Stratied analysis of the impact of hypertension on national health insurance medical expenditures in Ibaraki, Japan

Toshimi Sairenchi, Fujiko Irie, Yoko Izumi, Takashi Muto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This retrospective cohort study examined the sex- and age-specic impact of hypertension on medical expenditures. Methods: In 2006, we analyzed the medical expenditure records of 42 426 Japanese National Health Insurance beneciaries (16 169 men, 26 257 women) who lived in Ibaraki, Japan, were aged 40 to 69 years, and underwent health checkups in 2002. Blood pressure was classied into 4 categories according to the criteria outlined in the seventh report of the Joint National Committee. Results: The difference in median total expenditure between the hypertension categories and the normotension category was 119 585 yen (140 360 yen vs 20 775 yen) for men aged 40 to 54 years, 126 160 yen (204 070 yen vs 77 910 yen) for men aged 55 to 69 years, 125 495 yen (158 025 yen vs 32 530 yen) for women aged 40 to 54 years, and 122 370 yen (208 700 yen vs 86 330 yen) for women aged 55 to 69 years. The median total and outpatient medical expenditures markedly differed between patients with stage 1 hypertension and stage 2 hypertension (which included people on antihypertensive medication) in both sexes and all age subgroups. The median total and outpatient medical expenditures were higher among women than among men in all blood pressure categories. Conclusions: The impact of hypertension on medical expenditures was similar in all age groups. Therefore, from the perspective of medical economics, prevention of the onset of hypertension seems equally important for all age subgroups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-196
Number of pages5
Journaljournal of epidemiology
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Age groups
  • Health expenditure
  • Hypertension
  • Medical expenditure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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