Aerosolized antibiotics therapy for infected traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts: A case report

Atsushi Tanikawa, Daisuke Kudo, Yosuke Hoshi, Norihiro Miyasaka, Shigeki Kushimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts are caused after thoracic trauma. They do not usually require specific therapy when no complications arise, such as infection and bleeding. Complicated pulmonary pseudocysts, however, can be life threatening and require specific treatment. Although treatments of systemic antibiotics and surgery for infected cysts have been reported, to the best of our knowledge, there are no reports on aerosolized antibiotics therapy for infected traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts. Case presentation: We present the case of a 31-year-old woman who was severely injured and suffered a blunt thoracic trauma in a vehicular accident, and required ventilator management in a previous hospitalization. Seven days later, she developed acute respiratory distress syndrome and was transferred to our department. We were unable to maintain proper oxygenation with ventilator management alone and established venous–venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. She then developed persistent bacteremia of Pseudomonas aeruginosa owing to infected traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts. On the 21st day of her hospitalization, the drainage for the enlarged cyst led to minor improvements in her respiratory condition. On the 32nd day of hospitalization, in addition to systemic antibiotics therapy, the aerosolized antibiotics therapy (inhalation of tobramycin (135 mg) every 12 h) was administered for the treatment of resistant infected pseudocysts. Her respiratory condition gradually improved, and the infected pseudocysts shrank. On the 43rd day of hospitalization, she was successfully removed from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Conclusions: Aerosolized antibiotics therapy may be a potential option for patients with infected traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts when conventional therapies are not successful.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100802
JournalTrauma Case Reports
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Apr


  • Aerosolized antibiotics
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • Thoracic trauma
  • Traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts Pseudomonas aeruginosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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