Adsorption of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ionic liquid by functional carbon microspheres from hydrothermal carbonization of cellulose

Xinhua Qi, Luyang Li, Tengfei Tan, Wenting Chen, Richard Lee Jr. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Functional carbonaceous material (FCM) loaded with carboxylic groups was prepared by hydrothermal carbonization of cellulose in the presence of acrylic acid. The resulting FCM was used as adsorbent for recovery of a water-soluble ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium chloride ([BMIM][Cl]). The FCM consisted of microspheres (100-150 nm) and had a low surface area (ca. 20 m 2/g), but exhibited adsorption capacity comparable to that of commercial activated carbon which can be attributed to the presence of high content of polar oxygenated groups (-OH, -C=O, -COOH) as revealed by spectral analyses. Sorption of [BMIM][Cl] onto FCM adsorbent could be well-described by pseudo-second-order kinetics. Thermodynamic and adsorption isothermal analyses revealed that the adsorption process was spontaneous, exothermic, and could be described by the Freundlich adsorption model. The FCM adsorbent could be regenerated effectively and recycled for at least three times without loss of adsorption capacity. The results of this work provide a facile method for production of functional carbonaceous materials from renewable resources that can be used for treatment of aqueous streams containing small concentrations of ionic liquid, [BMIM][Cl].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2792-2798
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume47
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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