Adsorption Behaviors of Platinum Group Metals in Simulated High Level Liquid Waste Using Macroporous (MOTDGA-TOA)/SiO2-P Silica-based Absorbent

Tatsuya Ito, Seong Yun Kim, Yuanlai Xu, Keitaro Hitomi, Keizo Ishii, Ryuji Nagaishi, Takaumi Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As fundamental research for separation of platinum group metals (PGMs) from high level liquid waste (HLLW) by macroporous silica-based adsorbent, (MOTDGA-TOA)/SiO2-P adsorbent was prepared by impregnation of N,N′-dimethyl-N,N′-di-n-octyl-thiodiglycolamide (MOTDGA) and Tri-n-octylamine (TOA) into silica/polymer composite support (SiO2-P). The adsorption behavior of Ru(III), Rh(III), and Pd(II) in simulated HLLW onto the adsorbent were investigated by the batch method to obtain their corresponding equilibrium and kinetic data. The adsorbent showed strong adsorption for Pd(II) and the adsorption reached equilibrium within 2 hr. High distribution coefficient (K d) values for Pd(II) were obtained in 0.1-1 M HNO3 concentration. In addition, the use of both MOTDGA and TOA improved adsorption of Ru(III) and Rh(III) better than individual use of them. Especially, the K d value for Ru(III) towards (MOTDGA-TOA)/SiO2-P adsorbent was three times larger than that in the adsorption using only with MOTDGA or TOA as extractant. The adsorptions of Ru(III), Rh(III), and Pd(II) followed the Langmuir adsorption model, and were found to be controlled by the chemisorption mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2616-2625
Number of pages10
JournalSeparation Science and Technology (Philadelphia)
Volume48
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov

Keywords

  • adsorption
  • high level liquid waste (HLLW)
  • macroporous silica-based adsorbent
  • platinum group metals (PGMS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Filtration and Separation

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