Adsorption Behaviors of Palladium Ion from Nitric Acid Solution by a Silica-based Hybrid Donor Adsorbent

Hao WU, Naoki Oosawa, Masahiko Kubota, Seong Yun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The adsorption behaviors of a silica-based hybrid donor adsorbent (TAMIA-EH+1-dodecanol)/SiO2–P towards Pd(II) were investigated under the effect of the contact time, temperature etc. in simulated high-level liquid waste. The adsorption rates of Pd(II) and Re(VII) were fairly fast and could reach the equilibrium state in only 1 h compared with other co- existing metal ions. The adsorption kinetics of Pd(II) was found to fit well with the pseudo-first order model. Even though with increasing the concentration of HNO3 above 1 M, the adsorption performance of (TAMIA-EH+1-dodecanol)/ SiO2–P decreased gradually; it still exhibited a better selectivity towards Pd(II) when [HNO3] > 0.5 M. The adsorption isotherms of Pd(II) and Re(VII) were well-described by the Langmuir isotherm model, while the Freundlich isotherm model was considered to be more suitable for the adsorption of Ru(III), Zr(IV) and Mo(VI). A high temperature of an aqueous solution was not good for the effective recovery of Pd(II). The calculated thermodynamic parameters revealed that the adsorption of Pd(II) was exothermic in nature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1541-1546
Number of pages6
Journalanalytical sciences
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • (TAMIA-EH+1-dodecanol)/SiO–P adsorbent
  • Adsorption
  • high-level liquid waste
  • hybrid donor
  • palladium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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