The adsorption behaviors of a silica-based hybrid donor adsorbent (TAMIA-EH+1-dodecanol)/SiO2–P towards Pd(II) were investigated under the effect of the contact time, temperature etc. in simulated high-level liquid waste. The adsorption rates of Pd(II) and Re(VII) were fairly fast and could reach the equilibrium state in only 1 h compared with other co- existing metal ions. The adsorption kinetics of Pd(II) was found to fit well with the pseudo-first order model. Even though with increasing the concentration of HNO3 above 1 M, the adsorption performance of (TAMIA-EH+1-dodecanol)/ SiO2–P decreased gradually; it still exhibited a better selectivity towards Pd(II) when [HNO3] > 0.5 M. The adsorption isotherms of Pd(II) and Re(VII) were well-described by the Langmuir isotherm model, while the Freundlich isotherm model was considered to be more suitable for the adsorption of Ru(III), Zr(IV) and Mo(VI). A high temperature of an aqueous solution was not good for the effective recovery of Pd(II). The calculated thermodynamic parameters revealed that the adsorption of Pd(II) was exothermic in nature.
- (TAMIA-EH+1-dodecanol)/SiO–P adsorbent
- high-level liquid waste
- hybrid donor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry