Adsorption behavior and radiation effects of a silica-based (Calix(4)+Dodecanol)/SiO2-P adsorbent for selective separation of Cs(I) from high level liquid waste

Tatsuya Ito, Yuanlai Xu, Seong Yun Kim, Ryuji Nagaishi, Takaumi Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A macroporous silica-based (Calix[4]+Dodecanol)/SiO2-P absorbent for separation of Cs(I) from HNO3 solution was prepared by impregnating the 1,3-[(2,4-Diethylheptylethoxy)oxy]-2,4-crown-6-calix[4]arene and its molecule modifier 1-dodecanol into a macroporous silica/polymer composite support. To establish its application into partitioning of Cs(I) from High Level Liquid Waste (HLLW), the adsorption properties and radiation effects on the adsorbent were investigated. The adsorbent showed a relatively large distribution coefficient of Cs(I) and fast equilibrium time in simulated HLLW. Additionally, the adsorbent under the gamma-ray field was found to be able to selectively adsorb Cs(I) with similar behavior to the adsorption without irradiation up to at least 170 kGy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-31
Number of pages10
JournalSeparation Science and Technology (Philadelphia)
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 2

Keywords

  • (Calix[4]+Dodecanol)/SiO-P adsorbent
  • Cesium
  • Gamma-ray irradiation
  • high level liquid waste
  • separation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Filtration and Separation

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