Adsorption and desorption behavior of tetravalent zirconium onto a silica-based macroporous TODGA adsorbent in HNO3 solution

Yuanlai Xu, Seong Yun Kim, Shigekazu Usuda, Yuezhou Wei, Keizo Ishii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


To understand the separation behavior of Zr(IV) in the partitioning process for high level liquid waste, a silica-based macroporous adsorbent (TODGA/SiO2-P) was prepared by impregnating N,N,N′,N′- tetraoctyl-3-oxapentane-1,5-diamide (TODGA) into a macroporous silica/polymer composite particles support (SiO2-P). Adsorption and desorption behavior of Zr(IV) from nitric acid solution onto silica-based TODGA/SiO 2-P adsorbent were investigated by batch experiment. It was found that TODGA/SiO2-P showed strong adsorption affinity to Zr(IV) and this adsorption process reached equilibrium state around 6 h at 298 K. Meanwhile, HNO3 concentration had no significant effect on the adsorption of Zr(IV) above 1 M. From calculated thermodynamic parameters, this adsorption process could occur spontaneously at the given temperature and was confirmed to be an exothermic reaction. This adsorption process could be expressed by Langmuir monomolecular layer adsorption mode and the maximum adsorption capacity were determined to be 0.283 and 0.512 mmol/g for Zr(IV) at 298 and 323 K, respectively. In addition, more than 90 % of Zr(IV) adsorbed onto adsorbent could be desorbed with 0.01 M diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid solution within 24 h at 298 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-96
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul


  • Adsorption
  • Desorption
  • TODGA/SiO-P adsorbent
  • Zirconium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pollution
  • Spectroscopy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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