Expression of adrenomedullin (AM), a potent vasodilator peptide, was studied during adipocyte differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Immunoreactive AM levels in the medium were increased at day 4 and 8 of the adipocyte differentiation. Northern blot analysis showed increased expression of AM mRNA in hMSCs-derived adipocytes at day 4, 8, 12, and 18. Transient transfection assay showed that the promoter activity was higher in hMSCs-derived adipocytes than in hMSCs, when cells were transfected with plasmids containing a cis-acting region (-70/-29) of the human AM gene. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay showed that specific bands bound to the region (-70/-29) in hMSCs-derived adipocytes but not in hMSCs, and were abolished by the stimulatory protein 1 (Sp1) antibody. The present study has shown that AM expression is up-regulated during adipocyte differentiation of hMSCs probably via the interaction between Sp1 or Sp1-related factor(s) and the AM promoter region (-70/-29).
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2006 Nov 24|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology