Adiabatic invariance of oscillons/I -balls

Masahiro Kawasaki, Fuminobu Takahashi, Naoyuki Takeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Real scalar fields are known to fragment into spatially localized and long-lived solitons called oscillons or I-balls. We prove the adiabatic invariance of the oscillons/I-balls for a potential that allows periodic motion even in the presence of non-negligible spatial gradient energy. We show that such a potential is uniquely determined to be the quadratic one with a logarithmic correction, for which the oscillons/I-balls are absolutely stable. For slightly different forms of the scalar potential dominated by the quadratic one, the oscillons/I-balls are only quasistable, because the adiabatic charge is only approximately conserved. We check the conservation of the adiabatic charge of the I-balls in numerical simulation by slowly varying the coefficient of logarithmic corrections. This unambiguously shows that the longevity of oscillons/I-balls is due to the adiabatic invariance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105024
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume92
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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