We formulate an adiabatic approximation for the imaginary-time Schrödinger equation. The obtained adiabatic condition consists of two inequalities, one of which coincides with the conventional adiabatic condition for the real-time Schrödinger equation, but the other does not. We apply this adiabatic approximation to the analysis of Markovian dynamics of the classical Ising model, which can be formulated as the imaginary-time Schrödinger equation, to obtain an asymptotic formula for the probability that the system reaches the ground state in the limit of a long annealing time in simulated annealing. Using this form, we amend the theory of Somma, Batista, and Ortiz for a convergence condition for simulated annealing.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)