Adhesive strength of medical polymer on anodic oxide nanostructures fabricated on biomedical β-type titanium alloy

Junko Hieda, Mitsuo Niinomi, Masaaki Nakai, Ken Cho, Tomoyoshi Mohri, Takao Hanawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anodic oxide nanostructures (nanopores and nanotubes) were fabricated on a biomedical β-type titanium alloy, Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr alloy (TNTZ), by anodization in order to improve the adhesive strength of a medical polymer, segmented polyurethane (SPU), to TNTZ. TNTZ was anodized in 1.0 M H 3PO4 solution with 0.5 mass% NaF using a direct-current power supply at a voltage of 20 V. A nanoporous structure is formed on TNTZ in the first stage of anodization, and the formation of a nanotube structure occurs subsequently beneath the nanoporous structure. The nanostructures formed on TNTZ by anodization for less than 3600 s exhibit higher adhesive strengths than those formed at longer anodization times. The adhesive strength of the SPU coating on the nanoporous structure formed on top of TNTZ by anodization for 1200 s improves by 144% compared to that of the SPU coating on as-polished TNTZ with a mirror surface. The adhesive strength of the SPU coating on the nanotube structure formed on TNTZ by anodization for 3600 s increases by 50%. These improvements in the adhesive strength of SPU are the result of an anchor effect introduced by the nanostructures formed by anodization. Fracture occurs at the interface of the nanoporous structure and the SPU coating layer. In contrast, in the case that SPU coating has been performed on the nanotube structure, fracture occurs inside the nanotubes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-251
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Adhesive strength
  • Anodization
  • Biomedical polymer
  • Nanopores
  • Nanotubes
  • beta;-Type titanium alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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