Adhesive and frictional properties of solid lubricants for powder metallurgy evaluated by surface force apparatus

Hanako Shimamoto, Shigeru Unami, Masashi Mizukami, Kazue Kurihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Iron-based powder mixtures for the powder metallurgy (PM) process commonly contain solid lubricants. Both zinc stearate (ZnSt) and N,N'-ethylenebis(stearamide) (EBS), which are conventional lubricants in this field, exhibit the similarly adequate lubrication performances. However, their effects on the powder mixture flow ability are different; that is, ZnSt exhibits the better flow abilities than EBS. In this study, the adhesive and frictional properties of the five surface combinations (Fe-Fe, Fe-EBS, Fe-ZnSt, EBS-EBS, and ZnSt-ZnSt) were investigated using surface forces and resonance shear measurement. The adhesion forces obtained for all combinations were almost the same. On the other hand, frictions for Fe-EBS and EBS-EBS combinations, obtained from resonance shear measurement, were larger than others at low applied load (<ca. 1.0 mN). This result suggests that the frictional properties of lubricants at low applied load determine the powder mixture flow abilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)554-559
Number of pages6
JournalFuntai Oyobi Fummatsu Yakin/Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy
Volume66
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Lubricant
  • N,N'-ethylenebis(stearamide)
  • Powder flow ability
  • Surface forces apparatus
  • Zinc stearate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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