We examined the relationship between the ambient illuminant chromaticity and changes in the sensitivity balance of the visual system, using illuminants of various chromaticities. The sensitivity of observers was measured in a room with a variable-chromaticity illuminant. The observer’s state of chromatic adaptation was measured with unique-white settings. Our results showed that the change in visual sensitivity has a nonlinear correlation with the change in illuminant chromaticity; chromatic adaptation was nearly complete for desaturated illuminants, but the degree of chromatic adaptation became worse as the illuminant became more saturated. We defined a new index, relative cone weights, which represents this relationship well. To measure the role of chromatic induction from the immediate-surround area of the matching stimulus, we performed additional experiments by presenting the test inside a colored or black immediate surround. The results showed that the unique-white settings were not disturbed by the change in immediate-surround color. Our results imply that the room illuminant chromaticity was the primary factor in changing the observer’s state of chromatic adaptation.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition