ADAM19 autolysis is activated by LPS and promotes non-classical secretion of cysteine-rich protein 2

Chiaki Tanabe, Nika Hotoda, Noboru Sasagawa, Eugene Futai, Hiroto Komano, Shoichi Ishiura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ADAM family proteins are type I transmembrane, zinc-dependent metalloproteases. This family has multiple conserved domains, including a signal peptide, a pro-domain, a metalloprotease domain, a disintegrin (DI) domain, a cysteine-rich (Cys) domain, an EGF-like domain, a transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic domain. The Cys and DI domains may play active roles in regulating proteolytic activity or substrate specificity. ADAM19 has an autolytic processing activity within its Cys domain, and the processing is necessary for its proteolytic activity. To identify a new physiological function of ADAM19, we screened for associating proteins by using the extracellular domain of ADAM19 in a yeast two-hybrid system. Cysteine-rich protein 2 (CRIP2) showed an association with ADAM19 through its DI and Cys domains. Sequence analysis revealed that CRIP2 is a secretable protein without a classical signal. CRIP2 secretion was increased by overexpression of ADAM19 and decreased by suppression of ADAM19 expression. Moreover, CRIP2 secretion increased in parallel with the autolytic processing of ADAM19 stimulated by lipopolysaccharide. These findings suggest that ADAM19 autolysis is activated by lipopolysaccharide and that ADAM19 promotes the secretion of CRIP2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)927-932
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume396
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jun 11
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ADAM19
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • CRIP2
  • Non-classical secretion
  • α-Secretase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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