Activity of an S locus gene promoter in pistils and anthers of transgenic Brassica

Takanori Sato, Mary K. Thorsness, Muthugapatti K. Kandasamy, Takeshi Nishio, Masashi Hirai, June B. Nasrallah, Mikhail E. Nasrallah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The pollen-stigma interaction of self-incompatibility in crucifers is correlated with glycoproteins localized in the cell wall of the stigmatic papillae that are encoded by the S locus glycoprotein (SLG) gene. When fused to the β-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene, the 5′ upstream regulatory region of SLG directed high level expression in the papillae of transgenic Brassica plants. Histochemical and fluorometric assays revealed that, in addition to its primary site of expression in the stigmatic papillae, the SLG-GUS fusion was also expressed in the transmitting tissue of stigma, style, and ovary, and in anthers. This conclusion was verified by the detection of transgene-encoded GUS transcripts and endogenous SLG-homologous transcripts by RNA gel blot analysis. Significantly, in anthers, the SLG promoter was active not only sporophytically in the nurse cells of the tapetum, but also in the haploid microspores. Because self-incompatibility systems exhibiting sporophytic control of pollen phenotype are thought to have evolved from systems with gametophytic control, we suggest that sporophytic control was acquired without loss of gametophytic function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-876
Number of pages10
JournalPlant Cell
Volume3
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Sep 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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