Activity measurement of the constituents in molten Sn-Ag-In and Sn-Zn-Mg ternary lead free solder alloys by mass spectrometry

Takahiro Miki, Naotaka Ogawa, Tetsuya Nagasaka, Mitsutaka Hino

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Soldering material widely used is Sn-Pb alloy, which have low melting point and excellent electrical, strength properties and wettability. However, Pb is one of the toxic elements, which is undesirable due to environmental and safety reasons, thus Pb-free alternative alloy is preferred for new soldering material. Sn-Ag and Sn-Zn based alloys have been viewed as very promising candidates, among many potential substitutes. Addition of third element to these alloys will decrease melting point of the alloys. Hence, Sn-Ag-In and Sn-Zn-Mg alloys are expected to be suitable for replacing Sn-Pb solder alloy. In order to design new Pb-free soldering materials, it is crucial to understand precise thermodynamic properties and phase diagrams of alloy systems. In the present work, ion current ratios of Ag to In and Mg to Zn were measured for Sn-Ag-In and Sn-Zn-Mg alloys by mass spectrometry, respectively. Also, the authors reviewed the thermodynamic properties of terminal binary alloys determined by other researchers and evaluated a thermodynamic functions to express the excess Gibbs free energy of each binary alloy. Thermodynamic functions to express the excess Gibbs free energy of liquid Sn-Ag-In and Sn-Zn-Mg ternary alloys were determined, utilizing the assessed Gibbs free energy of terminal binary alloys with the measured ion current ratios using mass spectrometer.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationYazawa International Symposium
Subtitle of host publicationMetallurgical and Materials Processing: Principles and Techologies; Materials Processing Fundamentals and New Technologies
EditorsF. Kongoli, K. Itagaki, C. Yamauchi, H.Y. Sohn, F. Kongoli, K. Itagaki, C. Yamauchi, H.Y. Sohn
Pages405-415
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Oct 16
EventYazawa International Symposium: Metallurgical and Materials Processing: Principles and Technologies; Materials Processing Fundamentals and New Technologies - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 2003 Mar 22003 Mar 6

Publication series

NameYazawa International Symposium: Metallurgical and Materials Processing: Principles and Techologies; Materials Processing Fundamentals and New Technologies
Volume1

Other

OtherYazawa International Symposium: Metallurgical and Materials Processing: Principles and Technologies; Materials Processing Fundamentals and New Technologies
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period03/3/203/3/6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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