Active parts for CH4 decomposition and electrochemical oxidation of reformed gases were investigated at the well defined Ni-mesh/oxide interfaces in μm level. The effective reaction areas were determined by isotope labeling technique under the mixture of CH4, D2O, and 18O2 at 1073 K. A deposition of carbon preferentially occurred on the Ni-mesh surface on Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2 (YSZ) and Sm2O3-doped CeO2 (SDC) electrolyte oxides. A slight reduction of carbon deposition was observed on SDC substrate under non-polarized condition. The electronic and structural properties changes of Ni were observed by XANES/EXAFS analysis. By anodic polarization, a significant reduction of deposited carbon was observed on Ni-mesh surface in Ni-mesh/YSZ and Ni-mesh/SDC samples. Oxygen spill over can be effective for eliminating the deposited carbon on the Ni-mesh. Hydrogen and isotope oxygen concentration (18O2) on the Ni-mesh was changed by the oxide substrates under anodic polarization.
- Anode/electrolyte interfaces
- Isotope labeling
- Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS)
- Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics