Active Millimeter Wave Imaging Using Leaky-Wave Focusing Antenna

Kevin Kipruto Mutai, Hiroyasu Sato, Qiang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, an active millimeter wave imaging system using two rectangular waveguide leaky-wave focusing antennas deployed in a quasi-monostatic transmitter and receiver pair is proposed. Broadband design method of the focusing antenna is presented where the phase constant is derived from the radiation direction of a rectangular waveguide leaky-wave antenna. To eliminate the effect of mutual coupling between the transmitting and receiving antennas and scattering from the surrounding environment, the scattered field from the object is obtained by subtracting the incident field from the total field. One-dimensional detection of conducting sphere, conducting and dielectric cylinders and a conducting plate is performed by experiment to validate the imaging capability of the proposed system. Two-dimensional imaging of a conducting cylinder in free space and positioned in front of a human body phantom representing the human body is finally performed to simulate practical application of the system.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Antenna arrays
  • Antenna synthesis
  • Antennas
  • Focusing
  • Focusing
  • Imaging
  • Leaky wave antennas (LWAs)
  • Mathematical models
  • Millimeter wave imaging
  • Millimeter wave radar
  • Rectangular waveguides
  • Sensor arrays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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