We measured inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) production, intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and force of contraction induced by a thromboxane A2 analogue U46619 in porcine coronary artery to elucidate the relaxant effect of a K+ channel opener cromakalim. Cromakalim (10 μM) significantly inhibited the production of IP3, Ca2+ release from intracellular stores and contraction induced by 300 nM U46619. The inhibitory effect of cromakalim on IP3 was blocked by a K+ channel blocker tetrabutylammonium (TBA, 3 mM) and counteracted by 20 mM KCl-induced depolarization. These results suggest that the hyperpolarization of the plasma membrane by cromakalim inhibits the activation of phospholipase via the stimulation of the thromboxane A2 receptor to result in vasodilation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1992 Sep 30|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology