Activation of complement and serial changes of anaphylatoxin (C3a, C5a) in patients for open-heart surgery using a membrane oxygenator

H. Mitsuhata, K. Enzan, J. Hasegawa, S. Matumoto, J. Matsumoto, S. Kurosawa

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    Abstract

    Activation of complement and serum changes in anaphylatoxin (C3a and C5a) were studied in 8 patients who underwent open-heart surgery using a membrane oxygenator. C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-EI), C3, C5, CH50, C3a and C5a were measured serially at 7 points. C1-EI, C3, and C5 were measured by single radial immunodiffusion, CH50 by Mayer's method, and C3a and C5a by radioimmunoassay. Levels of C1-EI, C3 and C5 decreased significantly from 10 min after initiation to 120 min after the end of CPB compared with base line values. Degree of activation of complement increased in proportion to duration of CPB. Significant decreases of C3 and C5 continued until first postoperative day. Level of C3a increased significantly 10 min after initiation of CPB, and gradually increased till immediately after the end of CPB, when the level was maximum (4625±560 ng·ml-1) among 7 points. Level of C3a decreased gradually till 120 min after end of CPB. C5a was not detected during whole course. No patient showed respiratory distress or pulmonary edema. In conclusion, membrane oxygenator activated classical pathway of complement at 10 min after initiation of CPB. C3a increased significantly from 10 min after initiation of CPB to 120 min after end of CPB, but C5a was not detected at all during the whole course. The significant activation of complement continued till first postoperative day.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)194-199
    Number of pages6
    JournalJapanese Journal of Anesthesiology
    Volume41
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1992 Jan 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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