Background: There are few monitoring systems widely used in clinical practice for evaluating the effectiveness of aspirin therapy, so in the present study aspirin's antiplatelet effects we investigated with a whole blood aggregometer using a screen filtration pressure (SFP) method. Methods and Results: Thirty-five healthy male volunteers took 100 mg/day aspirin for 14 days. Whole-blood aggregation was analyzed at baseline and on days 7 and 14, using collagen and adenosine diphosphate as the stimuli, and compared with the platelet-rich plasma (PRP) aggregation measured by optical aggregometer. The platelet-aggregation threshold index (PATI) for both methods, which was defined as the putative agonist-concentration giving half-maximal aggregation, and the PRP-maximal aggregation rate were analyzed. The maximal aggregation rate induced by 1.6 mg/L collagen decreased from 85.5% (80.8-92.8) [median (interquartile range)] at baseline to 51.5% (39-63.8) on day 14 (p<0.0001). The PRP-PATI and whole-blood PATI for collagen increased from 0.32 (0.28-0.70) to 1.82 mg/L (1.25-2.89) (p<0.0001) and from 0.28 (0.22-0.3) to 1.06 mg/L (1.01-1.29) (p<0.0001) respectively. Conclusions: The whole-blood PATI and PRP-PATI for collagen, as well as the maximal PRP aggregation rate, clearly distinguish platelet aggregability before and after aspirin intake. However, whole-blood analysis by the SFP-method is easier to perform, and is a promising method of monitoring aspirin's effects.
- Platelet-aggregation threshold index (PATI)
- Screen filtration pressure method
- Whole blood-aggregation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine